Информации о системе в Linux

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UbuntuЕсть замечательная утлита, которая обзывается lshw. В консольном режиме она выдает информацию о CPU, материнской плате, носителях и HDD, конфигурацию ядра, тайминги памяти и другие. В некоторые дистрибьютивы Linux lshw поставляется по умолчанию, но в Dbian его не оказалось. Для установки ставим пакет lshw:

  • aptitude install lshw

Запускаем утилиту, написав там же в терминале lshw, после чего сразу читаем готовый отчет.

  • lshw

В итоге получается вот такой отчет:

root@server1:~# lshw
server1.example.com
    description: Computer
    product: VirtualBox
    vendor: innotek GmbH
    version: 1.2
    serial: 0
    width: 32 bits
    capabilities: smbios-2.5 dmi-2.5
    configuration: uuid=DCB5FD90-976D-47F2-A278-BEB72D21843F
  *-core
       description: Motherboard
       physical id: 0
     *-firmware
          description: BIOS
          vendor: innotek GmbH
          physical id: 0
          version: VirtualBox (12/01/2006)
          size: 128KiB
          capabilities: isa pci cdboot bootselect int9keyboard int10video acpi
     *-memory
          description: System memory
          physical id: 1
          size: 502MiB
     *-cpu
          product: AMD Phenom(tm) II X4 965 Processor
          vendor: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD]
          physical id: 2
          bus info: cpu@0
          version: 15.4.3
          size: 3300MHz
          width: 32 bits
          capabilities: fpu fpu_exception wp vme de pse tsc msr mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush mmx fxsr sse sse2 syscall fxsr_opt rdtscp 3dnowext 3dnow up extd_apicid pni monitor cr8_legacy
        *-cache:0
             description: L1 cache
             physical id: 0
             size: 128KiB
        *-cache:1
             description: L2 cache
             physical id: 1
             size: 512KiB
     *-pci
          description: Host bridge
          product: 440FX - 82441FX PMC [Natoma]
          vendor: Intel Corporation
          physical id: 100
          bus info: pci@0000:00:00.0
          version: 02
          width: 32 bits
          clock: 33MHz
        *-isa
             description: ISA bridge
             product: 82371SB PIIX3 ISA [Natoma/Triton II]
             vendor: Intel Corporation
             physical id: 1
             bus info: pci@0000:00:01.0
             version: 00
             width: 32 bits
             clock: 33MHz
             capabilities: isa bus_master
             configuration: latency=0
        *-ide
             description: IDE interface
             product: 82371AB/EB/MB PIIX4 IDE
             vendor: Intel Corporation
             physical id: 1.1
             bus info: pci@0000:00:01.1
             logical name: scsi2
             version: 01
             width: 32 bits
             clock: 33MHz
             capabilities: ide bus_master emulated
             configuration: driver=ata_piix latency=64
             resources: irq:0 ioport:1f0(size=8) ioport:3f6 ioport:170(size=8) ioport:376 ioport:d000(size=16)
           *-cdrom
                description: DVD reader
                physical id: 0.0.0
                bus info: scsi@2:0.0.0
                logical name: /dev/cdrom
                logical name: /dev/dvd
                logical name: /dev/scd0
                logical name: /dev/sr0
                capabilities: audio dvd
                configuration: status=nodisc
        *-display UNCLAIMED
             description: VGA compatible controller
             product: VirtualBox Graphics Adapter
             vendor: InnoTek Systemberatung GmbH
             physical id: 2
             bus info: pci@0000:00:02.0
             version: 00
             width: 32 bits
             clock: 33MHz
             capabilities: vga_controller bus_master
             configuration: latency=0
             resources: memory:e0000000-e0ffffff(prefetchable)
        *-network
             description: Ethernet interface
             product: 82540EM Gigabit Ethernet Controller
             vendor: Intel Corporation
             physical id: 3
             bus info: pci@0000:00:03.0
             logical name: eth0
             version: 02
             serial: 08:00:27:6f:b3:f1
             size: 1GB/s
             capacity: 1GB/s
             width: 32 bits
             clock: 66MHz
             capabilities: pm pcix bus_master cap_list ethernet physical tp 10bt 10bt-fd 100bt 100bt-fd 1000bt-fd autonegotiation
             configuration: autonegotiation=on broadcast=yes driver=e1000 driverversion=7.3.21-k5-NAPI duplex=full firmware=N/A ip=192.168.2.222 latency=64 link=yes mingnt=255 multicast=yes port=twisted pair speed=1GB/s
             resources: irq:10 memory:f0000000-f001ffff ioport:d010(size=8)
        *-generic UNCLAIMED
             description: System peripheral
             product: VirtualBox Guest Service
             vendor: InnoTek Systemberatung GmbH
             physical id: 4
             bus info: pci@0000:00:04.0
             version: 00
             width: 32 bits
             clock: 33MHz
             capabilities: bus_master
             configuration: latency=0
             resources: ioport:d020(size=32) memory:f0400000-f07fffff memory:f0800000-f0803fff(prefetchable)
        *-multimedia
             description: Multimedia audio controller
             product: 82801AA AC'97 Audio Controller
             vendor: Intel Corporation
             physical id: 5
             bus info: pci@0000:00:05.0
             version: 01
             width: 32 bits
             clock: 33MHz
             capabilities: bus_master
             configuration: driver=Intel ICH latency=64
             resources: irq:5 ioport:d100(size=256) ioport:d200(size=64)
        *-usb
             description: USB Controller
             product: KeyLargo/Intrepid USB
             vendor: Apple Computer Inc.
             physical id: 6
             bus info: pci@0000:00:06.0
             version: 00
             width: 32 bits
             clock: 33MHz
             capabilities: ohci bus_master cap_list
             configuration: driver=ohci_hcd latency=64
             resources: irq:11 memory:f0804000-f0804fff
        *-bridge UNCLAIMED
             description: Bridge
             product: 82371AB/EB/MB PIIX4 ACPI
             vendor: Intel Corporation
             physical id: 7
             bus info: pci@0000:00:07.0
             version: 08
             width: 32 bits
             clock: 33MHz
             capabilities: bridge bus_master
             configuration: latency=0
        *-storage
             description: SATA controller
             product: 82801HBM/HEM (ICH8M/ICH8M-E) SATA AHCI Controller
             vendor: Intel Corporation
             physical id: d
             bus info: pci@0000:00:0d.0
             logical name: scsi0
             version: 02
             width: 32 bits
             clock: 33MHz
             capabilities: storage pm ahci_1.0 bus_master cap_list emulated
             configuration: driver=ahci latency=64
             resources: irq:5 ioport:d240(size=8) ioport:d250(size=8) ioport:d260(size=16) memory:f0806000-f0807fff
           *-disk
                description: ATA Disk
                product: VBOX HARDDISK
                physical id: 0.0.0
                bus info: scsi@0:0.0.0
                logical name: /dev/sda
                version: 1.0
                serial: VBfeeb638b-a5432328
                size: 8GiB (8589MB)
                capabilities: partitioned partitioned:dos
                configuration: ansiversion=5 signature=000168d6
              *-volume:0
                   description: EXT3 volume
                   vendor: Linux
                   physical id: 1
                   bus info: scsi@0:0.0.0,1
                   logical name: /dev/sda1
                   logical name: /
                   version: 1.0
                   serial: 5a54057c-7ce8-4999-ab3c-24f6e85e56c4
                   size: 7806MiB
                   capacity: 7806MiB
                   capabilities: primary bootable journaled extended_attributes large_files ext3 ext2 initialized
                   configuration: created=2011-08-10 10:58:54 filesystem=ext3 modified=2011-08-10 11:23:48 mount.fstype=ext3 mount.options=rw,relatime,errors=remount-ro,data=ordered,jqfmt=vfsv0,usrjquota=aquota.user,grpjquota=aquota.group mounted=2011-08-10 12:31:24 state=mounted
              *-volume:1
                   description: Extended partition
                   physical id: 2
                   bus info: scsi@0:0.0.0,2
                   logical name: /dev/sda2
                   size: 383MiB
                   capacity: 383MiB
                   capabilities: primary extended partitioned partitioned:extended
                 *-logicalvolume
                      description: Linux swap / Solaris partition
                      physical id: 5
                      logical name: /dev/sda5
                      capacity: 383MiB
                      capabilities: nofs
root@server1:~#

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